Some great tips on teaching visually impaired people from Torfinn Katla Opedal!
Instructing visually impaired people.
Here are some tips on what you should and should not do when instructing visually impaired.
• Visual interpretation. Learn and practice how to explain what sighted people see. Avoid terms like "this" and “that”. "Grab that arm with this arm, before moving that leg behind his." will likely be of little or no value to a student unable to see any of the objects mentioned in the instruction. Give a detailed description like “Grab the left arm from the top with your own left arm, before moving your right leg behind the opponents left leg.”
• Breaks. When you can't see, you must compensate with other senses. This takes a lot of energy. Breaks are needed.
• Use your name. When approaching your student let them know who is talking.
• Don’t be afraid of asking questions. Ask the person what works for them, ask them if it is okay for you to guide them in different ways, and how they prefer it. Personal zones are just as important to blind people as it is to the sighted.
• Explain the room. When they first get to the training hall you should explain how it is shaped, where the exits are, where there are windows, where there are poles etc.
• Do not place them near things they can crash into without telling them and helping them avoid these things.
• If it is okay for the student you can move their limbs in the correct movements so they can feel how it should be done.
• Practise turns gradually. Do not start by turning 180 degrees. Start by turning 90 and when they have mastered it you can move on to 180.
• Try to avoid loud music as it can easily disorient the practitioner.
• Remember that identical diagnosis doesn’t mean identical personalities and needs.
This is a list of tips that I have found to be useful. There are probably things I haven't thought of that you might figure out, but this is a guiding start.